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CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. EPIC Biodiversity has been responsible for the production of CITES guidance documents and capacity development. These guidance documents aimed to:

  • Assist CITES Parties in monitoring and controlling captive-breeding operations and other production systems, including information to assess their biological feasibility and, where possible, economic viability (i.e. whether it is financially viable for commercial facilities to produce and export specimens as permitted by national authorities)

  • Assist CITES Parties in the making of NDFs (non-detriment findings), management systems for wild populations and the establishment of export quotas for Appendix-II snake species in trade, by undertaking relevant research, consulting with relevant experts, examining suitable examples and case-studies

  • Inform CITES Parties about the management system used to produce specimens and thus which provisions of the Convention apply


EPIC Biodiversity has also been responsible for organising and conducting several workshops, such as the International CITES NDFs (non-detriment findings) workshop for snakes in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (May 2017) for the CITES Secretariat and IUCN and the CITES workshop for Parties on captive breeding and ranching CITES species in Cambridge, United Kingdom (April 2017) for the CITES Secretariat and IUCN.


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